It is a condition that is happened when the blood is transformed from the liquid to the clot-like condition. The blood clotting process is normally performed in certain cases. For example, when bleeding or injury occurs happen to prevent the loss of a large amount of blood. Blood clotting may occur in the veins and blood vessels and it does not go away on its own, and in some cases the blood clot moves from the veins to the lungs or heart to become life threatening, and in this article we will talk about the causes of blood clot and its symptoms and methods of treatment.
Causes of blood clotting
There are many reasons behind blood clotting, most notably:
- Obesity and high triglyceride fats in the body; obesity is one of the most important factors leading to clots, because the fat begins to sink into the layers of blood vessels constantly leading to the narrow and clogging and then thrombosis.
- Pregnancy; according to studies, pregnant women are at a higher risk than non-pregnant women by 5-10% of coagulation during pregnancy.
- Some drugs and contraceptives, according to medical studies show that there is a relationship between contraceptives containing estrogen and progesterone and blood clots, because these hormones increase the formation of the phyronogen in the blood responsible for the formation of clots.
- Strokes often occur when the body does not move for a long time, especially after surgery.
Symptoms of blood clotting
Symptoms are based on the area where the blood clotting occurred, most notably:
- If they are in the leg or arm: swelling, redness, feeling of pressure and pain in the area.
- Symptoms of heart attack: chest pain and shortness of breath.
- Symptoms of blood clots in the brain: Sudden and severe headache and difficulty in speech.
Treatment of blood clotting
The treatment of blood clotting depends on the size and location of thrombus, and the most prominent methods of treatment of blood clotting:
- Anticoagulants, sometimes called blood transfusions, are drugs that prevent the formation of clots in the future. Examples of these drugs are heparin and warfarin, and are taken only by prescription.
- Thrombolysis and these drugs break down and dislodge the clot.
- Catheterization therapy; it is usually performed in the case of deep and acute vein thrombosis, a long tube is inserted into the thromboembolism site and thrombolytic are directly injected into the thrombus site.
- Thrombolysis is performed surgically, and the surgeon performs surgery inside the blood vain containing thrombus.