Digestive enzymes are found in the digestive tract in humans. Their function is to digest foods in the stomach in order to keep the cells alive. These enzymes are characterized by their varied properties and are secreted in different parts of the digestive system, such as the large and the small intestine, the stomach, the salivary glands, and the pancreas. Their structure is proteins, they have precise forms, and they accelerate the occurrence of chemical reactions within the human body by cracking and destroying the complex molecules and convert them into simple units, and we will learn in this article the types of digestive enzymes.
Types of digestive enzymes
Enzymes are classified into complementary and other essential enzymes as follows:
- Complementary digestive enzymes:
- Bapin Enzyme: An essential function of this enzyme is the elimination of abdominal gases and the treatment of various digestive problems. It also stimulates the breakdown of protein substances found in meat, as well as rid the body of harmful substances and toxins.
- Bromelain: This enzyme helps protect the joints from inflammation as an anti-inflammatory.
- Lactase enzyme: The deficiency of this enzyme appears on the human after age, and this deficiency makes it difficult to digest lactose, because its main function facilitate the absorption of lactose obtained from milk sugar.
- Basic digestive enzymes
- Libase enzyme: This enzyme is present in the digestive system in the small intestine and pancreas and contributes to the breakdown of fat to amino acids, and its lack causes to raise the rate of triglycerides and cholesterol, which expose the body to diabetes, injury to the muscles of the body especially the shoulders, convulsions and the difficulty of getting rid of toxins, waste, and weight loss.
- Amylase: This enzyme is present in the small intestine and pancreas in addition to the salivary glands in the mouth, and the lack affects negatively on the health of the body and it causes indigestion and the emergence of swellings loaded with pus, because its function is the cracking of carbohydrates to sugar.
- Protease: This enzyme concentrates in the small intestine, pancreas and stomach, and breaks the protein materials to facilitate absorption into amino acids, and contributes to the purification of blood from viruses and microbes, and its lack in the body leads to disturbances of sleep, injury to bone disease of fragility and laminating, the joints of inflammation, and weakens the immune system.
- Foods rich in enzymes
The lack of the rate of enzymes in the body negatively affects his health and lead to many diseases, because each enzyme has a function, and in the absence of natural enzymes sufficient to be obtained from their sources of food or taking supplements containing such as capsules to compensate for this deficiency, such foods include:
- Milk and dairy products such as milk are high in lactase-rich foods if they are not sterilized.
- Pineapple contains bromelain enzyme.
- Papaya fruit contains bapin enzyme.
- Raw vegetables and fruits contain essential enzymes such as libase and amylase as well as protease.
- Legumes, seeds, fish, whole grains as well as various kinds of vegetables, fruits and nuts are rich in all kinds of enzymes.