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Information on hepatic encephalopathy

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 Hepatic encephalopathy (Liver/ hepatic coma)

The liver is the largest glands in the human body. It consists of four different lobules. It weighs approximately 1.5 kilos. It is located under the diaphragm to the right side of the body. The liver tends to reddish brown. It has many functions and functions in the body which are nearly 500 jobs or more, the most important task is to rid the body of toxins produced by metabolism and vital processes in the body, and the center of the manufacture of plasma, and the center of storage of glycogen and that is why it’s a sensitive organ, and it may have some disorders that could lead to disruption of functions and may reach these disorders to cause a coma, and in this article we will give some information about liver coma, and the methods of prevention of liver patient from getting into a coma.

Causes of liver coma

  • Cirrhosis of the liver, where the patient reaches advanced stages of the disease in the liver loses the ability to expel toxins from the body, which leads to the brain and lead to poisoning with ammonia.
  • Severe constipation or severe diarrhea.
  • Eating animal proteins excessively.
  • Having diuretics frequent.
  • Having some types of antibiotics.
  • High body temperature when fever.
  • Some types of antibiotics.
  • High body temperature when fever.
  • Severe bleeding in the case of esophageal varices or stomach ulcers.

Stages of liver coma

  • Pre-coma: where the patient suffers from lack of concentration and loss of consciousness, insomnia, in addition to nervousness in many positions, loss of control of urine and feces.
  • Complete coma phase.

Symptoms of coma of the liver

  • Mental confusion and loss of concentration.
  • Stuttering the patient when speaking, as the patient becomes unable to explain his words, and become very slow.
  • Injury of the hematopoietic movement, which is the tremor of the limbs, when stretched forward.
  • The smell of the patient’s mouth is like Sour apple.
  • Inflammation of ascites and flatulence.
  • Changing the color of the hands into red.

Ways to prevent the liver coma

There are several ways the liver patient can follow to prevent the getting into a liver coma:

  • Following a special diet developed by the specialist, each stage of liver disease has a special system.
  • Refraining from eating any type of food no matter how simple, so as not to get worse.
  • Enlightening the patient with the symptoms of hepatic coma in advance, so if he felt any of them, he can see his doctor immediately and get a proper help quickly.
  • Maintain the softness of the stool so that the body does not absorb more protein and turn it into toxic ammonia.
  • Check with your doctor immediately after feeling that you want to vomit, because it may be the first signs of hepatic coma.

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