Nicotine is an alkaline chemical produced from several plants, most commonly tobacco, and can be produced industrially. For many, the use of nicotine is known only in cigarettes, but it is also an anti-inflammatory substance used to eliminate insects and others, so it enters into the manufacture of pesticides, but what can happen when used on humans? The results will not be satisfactory. Nicotine causes an increase in the rate of oxygen consumption, and thus speed in the heart rate and size, which leads to inflation and heart failure, and affect the respiratory system and the brain, the most known way to use it is through smoking. Since smoking is responsible for an increase in the number of deaths globally, this requires the need to reduce it, and one solution is nicotine patches.
Nicotine is a substance that causes addiction and is difficult to quit. It depends on several factors including:
- Method of using the substance, as inhaling smoke directly, or chewing inside the mouth.
- The presence of filters for smoke.
- Amount of material consumed daily.
- Type of cigarettes or plant used.
Tobacco manufacturers have increased nicotine per cigarette by 10% for economic purposes. Smokers become more addicted, requiring more consumption and consumption of their products, hence more profit, and economic and health loss for each smoker. If the smoker decides to suddenly stop smoking, he will face the following difficulties:
- Feeling empty and craving for smoking.
- Anxiety and depression.
- Irritation and change in mood.
- Difficulty concentrating and not paying attention.
To overcome previous difficulties, an alternative treatment for nicotine, formulated as adhesive bandages on the skin, containing a layer of nicotine has been produced and is properly worn to pass the substance across the skin into the blood, known as nicotine patches. These patches help to reduce the cravings for smoking, reduce the symptoms of reduced body rate of nicotine, and thus help to stop smoking. Since they are thin adhesives, they can be easily hidden under clothing to keep the secret of treatment confidential. If the smoker does not wish to disclose them, these patches can cause minor side effects:
- Difficult to sleep, may also cause disturbing dreams.
- Intense nervous.
- Headache and pain in the joints and back.
- Skin irritation.
There are some side effects that require the doctor to see them:
- Signs of allergies, such as severe skin rash, chills and swelling, high temperature, abnormal hoarseness in the sound, flaking in the skin, swollen mouth, face and tongue.
- Chest pain, accompanied by strong and rapid heartbeat.
- Unbearable headache.
- Stomach disorder, severe diarrhea.
- Tiredness and weakness of the body with cold sweating.