Hypothyroidism is a common and widespread disease, both in young children and among older people. This imbalance in the thyroid secretions is caused by many organic and genetic factors. The thyroid gland is a barrier that prevents it from releasing enough hormones. This causes a lot of risk. Which need to receive prompt treatment, and in this article we will mention the symptoms of hypothyroidism in addition to the useful foods for hypothyroidism.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
- Feeling fatigue and general weakness in the body.
- Increase body weight without there being an increase in food, and the inability to reduce it despite dietary diets.
- Hair loss, vulnerability, weakness, fragmentation and breakage.
- Dryness of the skin and its fragility.
- The feeling is always cold, even at high temperatures.
- Feeling depressed and anxious.
- Muscle pain, in addition to cramping.
- Weak cognitive abilities, loss of memory, and inability to concentrate.
- Menstrual cycle delay or absence for women.
- Loss of desire to have sex.
- Fertility problems in women, and inability to conceive.
- Permanent feeling of sleepiness and tiredness despite sleeping a lot.
- Weak self-esteem and a great sense of frustration and despair.
Foods useful for hypothyroidism
- Whole grains such as oats, wheat, sesame, porridge, quinoa and brown rice.
- Vegetables and fresh fruits, to prevent weight gain, and to reduce the incidence of constipation.
- Milk and dairy products such as yogurt.
- White meat that contains a low percentage of fat such as poultry meat and fish.
- Foods rich in iodine and selenium such as seafood, oysters and fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel and tuna.
- Foods rich in zinc, copper and selenium, as these foods contribute greatly to improving the performance of the thyroid gland and stimulate it.
- Iodized salt.
- Selenium-rich nuts such as millet pistachios, cashews and hazelnuts.
- Foods rich in vitamin A, vitamin B complex and vitamin C.
Foods to avoid
There are some foods that reduce the activity of the thyroid, which should be minimized as much as possible in the case of lack of thyroid secretions, and the most important of these foods include:
- Sugar substitutes.
- Drinks and caffeinated foods such as tea and coffee.
- Crusader vegetables in general.
- Gluten-rich foods and refined white sugar.
- Soybean and its derivatives such as soy milk, tofu and soy flour.
- Broccoli and cauliflower.
- Red turnip and yellow turnips.
- Hot radish.
- Mustard leaves.