Diseases of the thyroid gland

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thyroid gland

The thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands in the body, located in the neck area under the larynx. It resembles the butterfly in its form. It acts to absorb iodine and transfer it to the cells of the body. The thyroid gland secretes certain hormones, such as thyroxine, tribodoterin hormone and calcitonin hormone, which regulate the level of calcium in the blood, and exposed thyroid to the occurrence of some problems, leading to injury to the body different diseases, so we must know the diseases of the thyroid and know how to treat them.

Thyroid enlargement or increased activity

The enlargement is due to the lack of iodine in the body, causing the following symptoms:

  • Feeling stiff cough.
  • Pain in the throat area.
  • The gland is enlarged significantly.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Severe diarrhea cases.
  • Insomnia when sleeping.
  • Severe sweat.
  • Inability to breathe easily.
  • Feeling bad psychological state.
  • Dry hair, shrapnel and fall.
  • The voice changed.
  • Extremely thin.
  • Significant increase in blood pressure.
  • Increase in heartbeat.

The cure

Taking medicine that help reduce the secretion of thyroxine. Sometimes the doctor turns to perform surgery and the eradication of part of the gland.

Hypothyroidism

Symptoms

  • Occurrence of constipation.
  • The feeling of constant cold.
  • Wrinkle skin and dry skin.
  • The weakness of the hair follicle leads to its bombardment and fall.
  • Feeling numb in the hands.
  • Laziness, fatigue, and difficulty of movement.
  • Dysfunction and heartbeat.
  • Poor mental disorders.
  • Difficulty concentrating and memory.
  • Hearing impairment.
  • Irregular heart.
  • Breathing difficulty.
  • Muscle pain.

The cure

  • Taking medicine that work to compensate thyroxine, to get rid of thyroid diseases.

Thyroid cancer

Symptoms

  • The appearance of a concrete block under the skin.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Breathing difficulty.
  • Severe pain in the throat, roughness and continues coarseness in the voice, and difficulty in speaking.
  • Feeling pain in the neck area.
  • The appearance of a tumor in the neck area, may extend to the rest of the body.

The cure

  • Long term hormone therapy.

Chemotherapy.

  • External Radiation Therapy.
  • Perform surgery to remove the lymph nodes.
  • Surgery is performed to remove part of the gland and sometimes the entire gland is excised.
  • Irradiated iodine treatment, so after the gland excision, to eliminate the remaining cells; not to return again.

Tips to get rid of thyroid diseases

  • Making a healthy diet containing fresh vegetables and fruits, foods containing iodine, and avoid eating preservatives in food.
  • Do not exercise too much.
  • Prefer bathing with cold water; to increase thyroid activity.
  • Check with your doctor if you feel pain in the neck area and feel enlarged.
  • To protect the body from thyroid diseases, it is preferable to drink fluoride-free water.